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Building the code on POSIX

1. Introduction

Firebird builds on many POSIX compatible Unix and Linux platforms. This document describes the process for building on these systems and lists the supported configurations - including compiler revision and OS level for best results.

2. Contents

Introduction
Contents
Preparing to Build Firebird
Supported Platforms

3. Preparing to Build Firebird

3.1. Generating a configure file with autogen.sh

Before building Firebird it is necessary to create the "configure" script, if one is not included with your distrubtion. The configure script is generated by running the "autogen.sh" script. Autogen.sh is a shell script located in the root directory of the Firebird build.

Autogen.sh depends on the GNU autotools to create "configure". Modern LINUX distributions will already have the GNU autotools installed, but if you are attempting to build on AIX, HP-UX, or Solaris, you may need to install the necessary GNU utilities.

The table below shows the versions of the GNU tools that we use to build Firebird 2.5 on the different POSIX hosts. We take measures to make configure buildable with as wide range of autotools as possible, but we can't check all possible combinations.

GNU Tool Recommended Version Notes
m4 1.4.12 autoconf and libtool depend on m4
gmake 3.81 3.80 tested ok, too
autoconf 2.63 2.56 is minimum version per configure.in file
automake 1.10.1 1.10.2 tested ok, too
libtool 2.2.6a 1.5.26 tested ok, too

Recommended Version(s) of GNU Tool Chain Utilities

./autogen.sh --with-system-editline=yes --with-system-icu --enable-debug

Sample invocation of autogen with configure options

Tip! It is possible to pass the configure options directly to autogen, as shown in the example above.

3.2. Running configure

Once the "configure" script is generated, it can be run repeatedly without re-running the autogen.sh script. This allows the user to retest with different configuration options.

Configure Option Description Default Value
--enable-debug Build debug version no
--enable-raw-devices Enable databases on raw devices yes
--enable-superserver Build SuperServer architecture no
--prefix Installation location /usr/local/firebird
--with-editline Advanced editing and command retrieval for ISQL no
--with-ipc-name Specify local IPC name FirebirdIPI
--with-system-editline Use system version of editline, instead of bundled version of ICU no
--with-system-icu Use system version of ICU, instead of bundled version of ICU no
--with-service-name Specify inet service name gds_db
--with-service-port Specify inet service port 3050
--with-gpre-ada Support ADA in gpre no
--with-gpre-cobol Support COBOL in gpre no
--with-gpre-fortran Support FORTRAN in gpre no
--with-gpre-pascal Support PASCAL in gpre no

Firebird Configure Options

4. Supported Platforms

This section lists platforms, compilers, and compiler options where Firebird has been succesfully tested. Optional flags for enthusiasts are provided.

When Autoconf environment variables are provided, you must export these before running configure.

Unless otherwise noted, all builds are 64-bit.

Firebird POSIX platforms
AIX 6.1, Power XL C++ Compiler, 10.1 Frequently Tested
AIX 5.3, Power XL C++ Compiler, 10.1 Rarely Tested
HP-UX 11.31 (11i v3), Itanium aCC C++ Compiler 6.23 Frequently Tested
HP-UX 11.31 (11i v3), PA-RISC aCC C++ Compiler 3.85 Frequently Tested
HP-UX 11.23 (11i v2), Itanium aCC C++ Compiler 6.23 Rarely Tested
HP-UX 11.23 (11i v2), PA-RISC aCC C++ Compiler 3.85 Rarely Tested
Linux, Red Hat Enterprise 5.3, AMD64 g++ 4.3.3 Frequently Tested
Linux, Open SUSE 11.0, AMD64 g++ 4.3.3 Frequently Tested
Linux, Open SUSE 10.2, AMD64 g++ 4.3.3 Frequently Tested
Solaris 10, SPARC Sun Studio 12, Update 1 Frequently Tested
Solaris 9 SPARC Sun Studio 12 Rarely Tested
Solaris 10, AMD64 Sun Studio 12, Update 1 Frequently Tested

4.1. AIX 6.1 on Power, IBM XL C++

   export CC=cc_r
   export CXX=xlC_r
   export CFLAGS=-q64
   export CXXFLAGS=-q64

Autoconf Environment Variables for AIX

This configuration was also succesfully tested against AIX 5.3.

Compiler version was XL C++ compiler, version 10.1.

4.2. HP-UX 11i v3 on Itanium, HP aCC C++ Compiler

   export CC=cc
   export CXX=aCC
   export CFLAGS=+DD64
   export CXXFLAGS=+DD64

Autoconf Environment Variables for HP-UX 11i v3, Itanium

Firebird requires the HP-UX Atomic APIs ("AtomicAPI" bundle), released as an optional Software Pack (SPK) for HP-UX 11i v2 or v3.

The Firebird build process requires HP linker (ld) option "-concatrpath." -concatrpath is provided in the June 2007 patch bundle. This update is available for HP-UX 11i v2 and v3.

Compiler version was HP ANSI C++ A.06.23.

The default instruction set architecture for HP-UX Itanium is blended. Enthusiasts may add +DSnative to the CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS, which tunes for the processor on which the compiler is running.

4.3. HP-UX 11i v3 on PA-RISC, HP aCC C++ Compiler

   export CC=cc
   export CXX=aCC
   export CFLAGS=+DD64
   export CXXFLAGS=+DD64

Autoconf Environment Variables for HP-UX 11i v3, PA-RISC

Firebird requires the HP-UX Atomic APIs ("AtomicAPI" bundle), released as an optional Software Pack (SPK) for HP-UX 11i v2 or v3.

The Firebird build process requires HP linker (ld) option "-concatrpath." -concatrpath is provided in the June 2007 patch bundle. This update is available for HP-UX 11i v2 and v3.

Compiler version was HP ANSI C++ A.03.85. Note, A.03.85 is the latest and last release of the aCC compiler on PA-RISC.

This configuration was also succesfully tested using HP-UX 11iv2.

4.4. Linux on 64-bit AMD64, GNU C++ compiler (g++)

g++ 4.3.3 is reference compiler for Firebird 2.5.

Firebird 2.5 has been tested on the following distributions:

  • Open SUSE 11.0
  • Open SUSE 10.2
  • Red Hat Enterprise 5.3
  • Debian

No Autoconf Environment variables are required to build on 64-bit Linux when using g++.

4.5. Linux on 32-bit i386, GNU C++ compiler (g++)

g++ 4.3.3 is reference compiler for Firebird 2.5.

No Autoconf Environment variables are required to build on 32-bit Linux when using g++.

4.6. Solaris 10 on SPARC, Sun Studio 12 Update 1

   export CC=cc
   export CXX=CC
   export CFLAGS="-m64"
   export CXXFLAGS="-m64"

Autoconf Environment Variables for Solaris 10, SPARC

This configuration was also tested on Solaris 9, SPARC, using Sun Studio 12.

The default instruction set architecture for Solaris SPARC is generic (-xarch=generic). Enthusiasts may add -xarch=native to the CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS, which tunes for the processor on which the compiler is running.

Note! Sun Studio 12 is the last Sun Studio release to support Solaris 9. Sun Studio "Update 1" requires Solaris 10 or greater.

4.7. Solaris 10 on AMD64, Sun Studio 12 Update 1

   export CC=cc
   export CXX=CC
   export CFLAGS="-m64"
   export CXXFLAGS="-m64"

Autoconf Environment Variables Solaris 10, AMD64

Firebird requires Solaris 10 or later when using Sun Studio on Solaris AMD64. Solaris 9 is not supported on AMD64.

The default instruction set architecture for Solaris on AMD64 is generic (-xarch=generic). Enthusiasts may add -xarch=native to the CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS, which tunes for the processor on which the compiler is running.

5. Testing in Place

Firebird is using current (one being built) engine to complete build, therefore successfully finished build is somewhat tested, but it does not provide a "make check" option. This may be added in a future release.

After the build has finished, you may prepare your build in-place, and run regession tests deploying it.

To prepare you build for "in-place" testing, you need to execute the following commands. This assumes that Firebird was downloaded and built in the /u/fbtest/firebird2h1 directory:

   cd /u/fbtest/firebird2h1/gen/firebird
   export FIREBIRD=/u/fbtest/firebird2h1/gen/firebird
   export PATH=$FIREBIRD/bin:$PATH
   cp misc/firebird.conf .
   cp misc/fbintl.conf intl
   cp intl/libfbintl.so lib/fbintl.so
   export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$FIREBIRD/lib

Commands for In Place Testing of Firebird

Note! You may also need to edit the firebird.conf file and change RemoteFileOpenAbility=1 if you are testing on an NFS drive. PLEASE do NOT use this option in production unless you really understand what are you doing!!!

At this point you can run regression tests using ISQL client.

6. Deploying

The hard work is done. To install, just type

make install
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